Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal,India and is one of the metropolitan cities in India. It is located in the eastern Indian and is situated on the bank of the river Hooghly. Fondly known as the "City of Joy", Kolkata is home to many personalities like Mother Teresa, Rabindranath Tagore, Satyajit Ray and Subhash Chandra Bose.
India's second-biggest city is a daily festival of human existence, simultaneously noble and squalid, cultured and desperate. By its old spelling, Calcutta conjures up images of human suffering to most Westerners. But locally, Kolkata is regarded as India's intellectual and cultural capital. While poverty is certainly in your face, the dapper Bengali gentry continue to frequent grand old gentlemen's clubs, back horses at the Calcutta Racetrack and tee off at some of India's finest golf courses.
As the former capital of British India, Kolkata retains a feast of colonial-era architecture contrasting starkly with urban slums and dynamic new-town suburbs with their air-conditioned shopping malls. Kolkata is the ideal place to experience the mild, fruity tang of Bengali cuisine. Friendlier than India's other metropolises, this is a city you 'feel' more than simply visit. Walk the chaotic back alleys, ride the Hooghly ferries and, if you've got more time, take an excursion to the Sundarbans.
24,252/km2 (62,810/sq mi)
Bengali, Hindi & English
No Visa needed for Indians
Places of interest
KOLKATA - CITY OF JOY
Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, is a city known for its interesting blends of opposites. On the one hand you'll find wealth and creative beauty while on the other you'll be faced with political unrest and the cries of the destitute.
Once the home of Mother Teresa the city of Kolkata played a vital role in the development of India as it stands today. The capital of West Bengal, Kolkata is full of vibrant, intellectual, and friendly people. Kolkata's citizens have been the backbone of the city for hundreds of years – a city that continues to grow with each passing day.
There are, of course, tons of spectacular sites to see in this 264-square mile city. Make sure you add at least a few of our favorites to your itinerary when you visit!
THE VICTORIA MEMORIAL: It was built by Lord Curzon in memory of Queen Victoria and is a fine huge white-marble structure. It is now a museum that houses the most impressive collection of memorabilia from the days of the Raj.
THE HOWRAH BRIDGE: It is a 450 m long bridge without any pylon in the river and has the distinction of being the busiest bridge in the world catering to around 100,000 vehicles and innumerable pedestrians. It is an excellent example of engineering techniques of the early 20th century.
EDEN GARDEN: A small and pleasantly laid-out garden that was once the gathering place of the social elite. It today houses the renowned cricket ground by the same name.
KALI MANDIR : Also known as Kalighat, the Kali Mandir is dedicated to Kali, the Goddess of destruction and is a frequented tourist destination.
FORT WILLIAM: Fort Williamwas constructed in 1781 and is still in use. The large patch of green around the fort is known as the Maidan (ground), or the lung of Kolkata. It stretches for a distance of 3 km and is 1 km wide.
THE BIRLA PLANETARIUM : It is a single-storied circular structure that is one of the largest of its kind in the world. Its central dome is an imitation of the Buddhist stupa at Sanchi.
THE MARBLE PALACE : Exhibits art forms of Italy, the Netherlands, England and other European nations. The interiors of the palace-the floors, walls, and tabletops-are all made of marble.
THE INDIAN MUSEUM : is the oldest museum in India, which was built in 1874. The entrance to the museum has an original Lion Capitol, the national symbol of India and the museum itself is home to a rare collection of artefacts.
DALHOUSIE SQUARE : Dalhousie Square, which was renamed Binoy Badal Dinesh Bagh (also BBD Bagh), is the hub of West Bengal's administration and commerce. All important government institutions of the state are located here.
THE BELUR MATH : It is the headquarters of Ramakrishna Mission. It is a universal place of pilgrimage, visited by people belonging to diverse castes and creeds. It is committed to social service, religious harmony, spiritual attainment and renunciation.
THE DAKSHINESHWAR TEMPLE : It is dedicated to Goddess Kali, and was the dwelling place of Ramakrishna Paramhansa, the spiritual guru of Swami Vivekananda, most of his life.
BOTANICAL GARDENS : The main attraction of the Botanical Gardens, which cover an area of 110 hectares, is a 250-year-old banyan tree (Ficus bengalhensis), which is 98 feet high and over 1,300 feet in circumference.
Culture and history
It is fun to explore the culture of Kolkata India. Over here, the days begin with a cup of tea and thereafter people leave from their houses to enjoy the morning breeze. They carry out their fitness workout consisting of walking, jogging, stretching etc. Bengal offers a mind-blowing variety of sweets and yummy mouthwatering dishes.
Kolkata is truly a city of talent and passion, where people are lively and have an enthusiasm to live life to the fullest. If you want to get well versed with the Kolkatta culture, the best way is to look out for a friend over there and join adda i.e. the local parlance where chat sessions are held. Discussions take place on a wide variety of subjects ranging from politics, sports, religion, news, books, art, films, music, food etc. The discussions are healthy and never end with arguments or an ugly note.
Bengalis are very fond of music. Infact, if you go about visiting houses in the neighborhood, you'll find that there is an aspiring singer in almost every home. Bengalis love to indulge in yummy food. Infact, every meal ends up with some delicious dessert. For people who love eating junk food, Calcutta is just an apt place.
Festivities are an integral part of the city. Calcutta hosts a variety of fairs, film fests, music conferences and folk fairs. It houses the Marwaris, Parsis, Anglo Indians, Jews, Armenians and the joyous people of China town. Kolkata has a plethora of tourist attraction places encompassing museums, galleries, heritage buildings, amusement parks, temples, churches and synagogues
It is interesting to explore the origin & history of kolkata, the capital of British India. Calcutta history is not that old as that of Delhi. Calcutta, the city of joy was established in the year 1686, as a result of the expansion plans of the British Raj. It was during those times that European powers were heading their way towards capturing the small villages of Sutanati, Govindpur, and Kalikata. Calcutta derived its name from the last of the village settlements of kalikata. Read on to know the brief history of Calcutta India.
The city kept progressing until 1756, when Siraj-Ud-Daula (Nawab of Bengal) attacked and succeeded in driving the British away from the town. It was during that time that most of the British civilians had escaped, but a few of them were captured and imprisoned in a suffocating room. This incident has become a history in itself and was given the name 'Black hole tragedy'. In 1757, the following year, Battle of Plassey took place, in which Robert Clive took over the city by defeating the Nawab.
The end of battle witnessed the establishment of Supreme Court in 1774, making Calcutta as the base of justice. Battle of Plassey saw the drain of wealth, which strained the Bengal's economy. The period between 1820 and 1930 saw the growing of seeds of nationalism that reached its height in 1905, when people stood against Lord Curzon's plan regarding the partition of Bengal. Rabindranath Tagore led the nationalist anti partition movements. The Partition was repealed in 1911, followed by the shifting of capital of India from Calcutta to New Delhi. In 2001, Calcutta was officially renamed Kolkata.
CITY OF JOY TOURS PACKAGE : 001 (01 NIGHT / 02 DAYS)
DAY – 01 – KOLKATA FULL DAY LOCAL SIGHT SEEING (08 HRS / 80 KMS)
Morning at 9.30 A.M the full day city tour with an introduction about the glory of Bengal in connection with Indian life and lore, Visit Victoria Memorial, Kalighat Temple, St. Palls Cathedral, and Botanical Garden crossing the 2nd Hooghly Bridge. Evening you will be taken to Daksineshwar Kali Temple. It is famous for its association - with Ramakrishna who achieved spiritual vision here. Rani Rashmoni built this temple in 1847. The 12- spired temple with its enormous courtyard is surrounded by 12 other temples dedicated to Lord Shiva. Experience the river cruise Daksineshwar Temple to Belur Math across river Ganges by motorized boat and watch the glimpse of river along with the vibrant modern life and cultures of Kolkata. Belur Math is the international headquarters of Ramakrishna Mission. It is founded in 1899 by Swami Vivekananda, the world famous yogi and disciple of Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa. Enjoy the evening prayer in the peaceful and calm atmosphere and return to the hotel.
DAY – 02 – KOLKATA HALF DAY LOCAL SIGHT SEEING (04 HRS / 40 KMS) & LATER TRANSFER FROM KOLKATA TO NSCB OR RAILWAY STATION
Morning at 9.30 A.M the half day city tour covering the heritage building of BBD Bagh, visit the famous Flower Market Howrah Bridge, walk down the college street book market and enjoy a cup of hot coffee at the historical coffee house. you will finish the days tour at the Mother Teresa's House, the headquarters of the Missionaries of Charity. Evening transfer to CCU to connect flight or railway station. Book Now
1. All accommodations.
2. According to tour itinerary all Transfer & Sightseeing.
Cost Dose Not Includes:
1. Air Fare/Train fare.
2. Parking, Entry fee, Toll tax not included.
3. Personal Expenses such as Laundry, telephone calls, tips. Liquor, boating & joy rides.
4. Any other item not specified in "Cost Includes".
5. Additional sightseeing or usages of vehicle not mention in the itinerary.
6. Guide charge not include.
7. Any cost arising due to natural calamities like, landslides, road blocks etc (to be borne by the clients directly on the spot).
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